Q1.) When a medium long shot (MLS) contains two characters, what do filmmakers call it?
Q2.) What is the horizontal movement of a camera mounted on the gyroscopic head of a stationary tripod called?
--A2. PAN SHOT
Q3.) The American shot, or plan americain, is also known as what other type of shot?
--A3. MEDIUM LONG (MLS)
Q4.) What company introduced the additive, two-color process and then the subtractive, three-color process?
Q5.) By what other title is the cinematographer also known?
--A5. DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY
Q6.) The best-known lighting convention in feature filmmaking is the _________________.
--A6. THREE-POINT SYSTEM
Q7.) As what is computer-generated imagery also known?
Q8.) Who was the first major director to exploit the power of simple camera movement?
--A8. D. W. GRIFFITH
Q9.) What is the distinguishing quality of black-and-white film stock?
Q10.) What is one uninterrupted run of the camera called?
--A10. A SHOT
Q11.) Kodak’s single-strip film stock system was the chief rival for what other company’s product?
Q12.) What are the two most basic types of lighting instruments?
--A12. FOCUSABLE SPOTLIGHTS, FLOODLIGHTS
Q13.) What do we call a piece of curved, polished glass or other transparent material?
Q14.) What is the process by which the cinematographer determines what will appear within the borders of the image during a shot?
Q15.) What determines the overall style of a film?
--A15. PRODUCTION VALUES
Q16.) What is one camera position and everything associated with it called?
--A16. A SETUP
Q17.) All elements of _________are modified when the camera moves within a shot.
Q19.) The opening shot of _______ is perhaps the most famous crane shot in movie history.
--A19. TOUCH OF EVIL (1958)
Q20.) Who was the cinematographer on Citizen Kane (1941)?
--A20. GREGG TOLAND
Q21.) What is the distinguishing quality of black-and-white film stock?
Q22.) Alternate shapes to the widescreen rectangle screen shape use _________ to create round cutouts known as an iris.
Q23.) What is the property of the lens that permits the cinematographer to decide which planes will be in focus?
--A23. DEPTH OF FIELD
Q24.) A cinematographer’s responsibilities for each shot and setup fall into which four broad categories?
--A24. SPEED AND LENGTH, CINEMATIC PROPERTIES, FRAMING, SPECIAL EFFECTS
Q25.) Most commercial releases today are shown in what aspect ratio?
Q26.) By what year were virtually all feature films released in color?
Q27.) From where does much of the research and development of special effects come?
--A27. INDUSTRIAL LIGHT AND MAGIC
Q28.)In what decade did full-scale color-film production arrive?
Q29.) In a Dutch-angle shot the camera is tilted from its normal horizontal and vertical position; by what term is this shot also known?
--A29. OBLIQUE-ANGLE SHOT
Q30.) What do filmmakers call the vertical movement of a camera mounted on the gyroscopic head of a stationary tripod?
--A30. TILT SHOT
Q31.) What was the name of Federico Fellini’s first color film?
--A31. JULIET OF THE SPIRITS (1965)
Q32.) What are the two basic types of film stock for feature films?
--A32. BLACK AND WHITE AND COLOR
Q33.) Approximately how many seconds is the average length of a shot?
Q34.) Multiple Oscar-winner for cinematography Freddie Young said that a cinematographer “stands where the __________ meets the __________ of the film process.”
--A34. IMAGINATION; REALITY
Q35.) What kind of image does high-key lighting produce?
--A35.VERY LITTLE CONTRAST BETWEEN DARKS AND LIGHTS
Q36.) What do filmmakers call the level and height of the camera in relation to the subject being photographed?
--A36. SHOOTING ANGLE
Q37.) What does special effects cinematography attempt to create?
Q38.) What do you call the relationship between the frame’s two dimensions?
--A38. ASPECT RATIO
Q39.) The extreme long shot, the medium shot, the long shot, the close-up, etc., refer to the ________ distance between the camera and the subject being photographed.
Q40.) A good, lush, well composed, and meticulously designed shot can be __________ if it does not harness the film’s visual language to help tell the story.
--A40. A BAD SHOT
Q41.) Black-and-white cinematography is associated with a stronger sense of ________ than color stock.
Q42.) What does an aerial-view shot (or bird’s-eye shot) imply for the viewer?
Q43.) What are the primary properties of movie lighting?
--A43. SOURCE, QUALITY, DIRECTION, AND STYLE
Q44.) Why do lighting designers use backlight?
--A44. IT SEPARATES THE SUBJECT FROM THE BACKGROUND
Q45.) What does slow motion do to action? What does fast motion do to action?
--A45. SLOW MOTION DECELERATES, AS FAST MOVE ACCELERATES
Q46.) What is the size and placement of a particular object in relationship to the rest of the scene called?
Q47.) What is the tracking movement of a camera mounted on wheeled support, generally known as a dolly, called?
--A47. DOLLY SHOT
Q48.) Lenses in which range create images that correspond to our day-to-day experience of depth and perspective?
Q49.) What did Gregg Toland use in Citizen Kane (1941) to create an illusion of depth?
--A49. DEEP-SPACE COMPOSITION
Q50.) What is a device attached to the operator’s body that steadies the camera and avoids the jumpiness associated with handheld cameras called?
Q51.) What does the framing of a shot imply?
--A51.POINT OF VIEW
Q52.) How many minutes might a long take run?
Q53.) What is the essential difference between zoom-in and dolly-in movements on a subject?
Q54.) What do filmmakers call a grid representing foreground, middle ground, and background by a pattern that, when superimposed on an image, divides it into horizontal thirds?
--A54. THE RULE OF THIRDS
Q55.) What does a high-angle shot imply about the observer’s position relative to the subject being photographed?
Q56.) As what is the director of photography also known?
Q57.) The cinematographer makes very specific decisions about how a move is ____________.
Q58.) What are the four major types of lenses?
--A58. SHORT-FOCAL-LENGTH, MIDDLE-FOCAL-LENGTH, AND ZOOM
Q59.) What is a change of the point of focus from one shot to another called?
--A59.) RACK FOCUS
Q60.) Which of the following statements is true of a film's exposure index?
--A60. FILMSTOCK THAT IS EXTREMELY SENSITIVE TO LIGHT IS CALLED FAST
Q61.) The extreme long shot, or ELS, is often used for what type of shot?
--A61. AN ESTABLISHING SHOT
Q62.) During actual production, who determines the lighting needs?
Q63.) What are artificial lights called in the film vernacular?