created by: GERM!

FALL SEMESTER 2010

QUIZ 6 - QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

Q1.) When a medium long shot (MLS) contains two characters, what do filmmakers call it?

--A1. TWO-SHOT

Q2.) What is the horizontal movement of a camera mounted on the gyroscopic head of a stationary tripod called?

--A2. PAN SHOT

Q3.) The American shot, or plan americain, is also known as what other type of shot?

--A3. MEDIUM LONG (MLS)

Q4.) What company introduced the additive, two-color process and then the subtractive, three-color process?

--A4. TECHNICOLOR

Q5.) By what other title is the cinematographer also known?

--A5. DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY

Q6.) The best-known lighting convention in feature filmmaking is the _________________.

--A6. THREE-POINT SYSTEM

Q7.) As what is computer-generated imagery also known?

--A7. CGI

Q8.) Who was the first major director to exploit the power of simple camera movement?

--A8. D. W. GRIFFITH

Q9.) What is the distinguishing quality of black-and-white film stock?

--A9. TONALITY

Q10.) What is one uninterrupted run of the camera called?

--A10. A SHOT

Q11.) Kodak’s single-strip film stock system was the chief rival for what other company’s product?

--A11. TECHNICOLOR

Q12.) What are the two most basic types of lighting instruments?

--A12. FOCUSABLE SPOTLIGHTS, FLOODLIGHTS

Q13.) What do we call a piece of curved, polished glass or other transparent material?

--A13. LENS

Q14.) What is the process by which the cinematographer determines what will appear within the borders of the image during a shot?

--A14. FRAMING

Q15.) What determines the overall style of a film?

--A15. PRODUCTION VALUES

Q16.) What is one camera position and everything associated with it called?

--A16. A SETUP

Q17.) All elements of _________are modified when the camera moves within a shot.

--A18. FRAMING

Q19.) The opening shot of _______ is perhaps the most famous crane shot in movie history.

--A19. TOUCH OF EVIL (1958)

Q20.) Who was the cinematographer on Citizen Kane (1941)?

--A20. GREGG TOLAND

Q21.) What is the distinguishing quality of black-and-white film stock?

--A21. TONALITY

Q22.) Alternate shapes to the widescreen rectangle screen shape use _________ to create round cutouts known as an iris.

--A22. MASKS

Q23.) What is the property of the lens that permits the cinematographer to decide which planes will be in focus?

--A23. DEPTH OF FIELD

Q24.) A cinematographer’s responsibilities for each shot and setup fall into which four broad categories?

--A24. SPEED AND LENGTH, CINEMATIC PROPERTIES, FRAMING, SPECIAL EFFECTS

Q25.) Most commercial releases today are shown in what aspect ratio?

--A25. 1.85:1

Q26.) By what year were virtually all feature films released in color?

--A26. 1968

Q27.) From where does much of the research and development of special effects come?

--A27. INDUSTRIAL LIGHT AND MAGIC

Q28.)In what decade did full-scale color-film production arrive?  

--A28. 1930s

Q29.) In a Dutch-angle shot the camera is tilted from its normal horizontal and vertical position; by what term is this shot also known?

--A29. OBLIQUE-ANGLE SHOT

Q30.) What do filmmakers call the vertical movement of a camera mounted on the gyroscopic head of a stationary tripod?

--A30. TILT SHOT

Q31.) What was the name of Federico Fellini’s first color film?

--A31. JULIET OF THE SPIRITS (1965)

Q32.) What are the two basic types of film stock for feature films?

--A32. BLACK AND WHITE AND COLOR

Q33.) Approximately how many seconds is the average length of a shot?

--A33. 10

Q34.) Multiple Oscar-winner for cinematography Freddie Young said that a cinematographer “stands where the __________ meets the __________ of the film process.”

--A34. IMAGINATION; REALITY

Q35.) What kind of image does high-key lighting produce?

--A35.VERY LITTLE CONTRAST BETWEEN DARKS AND LIGHTS

Q36.) What do filmmakers call the level and height of the camera in relation to the subject being photographed?

--A36. SHOOTING ANGLE

Q37.) What does special effects cinematography attempt to create?

--A37.VERISIMILITUDE

Q38.) What do you call the relationship between the frame’s two dimensions?

--A38. ASPECT RATIO

Q39.) The extreme long shot, the medium shot, the long shot, the close-up, etc., refer to the ________ distance between the camera and the subject being photographed.

--A39.) IMPLIED

Q40.) A good, lush, well composed, and meticulously designed shot can be __________ if it does not harness the film’s visual language to help tell the story.

--A40. A BAD SHOT

Q41.) Black-and-white cinematography is associated with a stronger sense of ________ than color stock.

--A41. REALISM

Q42.) What does an aerial-view shot (or bird’s-eye shot) imply for the viewer?

--A42. OMNISCIENCE

Q43.) What are the primary properties of movie lighting?

--A43. SOURCE, QUALITY, DIRECTION, AND STYLE

Q44.) Why do lighting designers use backlight?

--A44. IT SEPARATES THE SUBJECT FROM THE BACKGROUND

Q45.) What does slow motion do to action? What does fast motion do to action?

--A45. SLOW MOTION DECELERATES, AS FAST MOVE ACCELERATES

Q46.) What is the size and placement of a particular object in relationship to the rest of the scene called?

--A46. SCALE

Q47.) What is the tracking movement of a camera mounted on wheeled support, generally known as a dolly, called?

--A47. DOLLY SHOT

Q48.) Lenses in which range create images that correspond to our day-to-day experience of depth and perspective?

--A48. 35MM-50MM

Q49.) What did Gregg Toland use in Citizen Kane (1941) to create an illusion of depth?

--A49. DEEP-SPACE COMPOSITION

Q50.) What is a device attached to the operator’s body that steadies the camera and avoids the jumpiness associated with handheld cameras called?

--A50. STEADICAM

Q51.) What does the framing of a shot imply?

--A51.POINT OF VIEW

Q52.) How many minutes might a long take run?

--A52. 10

Q53.) What is the essential difference between zoom-in and dolly-in movements on a subject?

--A53. MAGNIFICATION

Q54.) What do filmmakers call a grid representing foreground, middle ground, and background by a pattern that, when superimposed on an image, divides it into horizontal thirds?

--A54. THE RULE OF THIRDS

Q55.) What does a high-angle shot imply about the observer’s position relative to the subject being photographed?

--A55. SUPERIORITY

Q56.) As what is the director of photography also known?

--A56. DP

Q57.) The cinematographer makes very specific decisions about how a move is ____________.

--A57. PHOTOGRAPHED

Q58.) What are the four major types of lenses?

--A58. SHORT-FOCAL-LENGTH, MIDDLE-FOCAL-LENGTH, AND ZOOM

Q59.) What is a change of the point of focus from one shot to another called?

--A59.) RACK FOCUS

Q60.) Which of the following statements is true of a film's exposure index?

--A60. FILMSTOCK THAT IS EXTREMELY SENSITIVE TO LIGHT IS CALLED FAST

Q61.)  The extreme long shot, or ELS, is often used for what type of shot?

--A61. AN ESTABLISHING SHOT

Q62.) During actual production, who determines the lighting needs?

--A62. CINEMATOGRAPH

Q63.) What are artificial lights called in the film vernacular?

--A63. INSTRUMENTS